German prisoners of war at Alexandra Palace - WW1
Group From 1914 To 1919
Over 17,000 German and other civilian prisoners of war were interned at Alexandra Palace between 1914 and 1919. British Association for Local History says up to 3,000 internees slept in rows of plank beds in the Great Hall and two other large halls. British Pathe has some films about the preparations.
2017: Londonist has a good post on this.
2021: Hornsey Historical Society has a local newspaper article from 1919 which refers to the work done in the gardens by the PoWs: "Mr Sloper says they have left their mark on the ground. Happily, it is not the same kind of mark they have left in Belgium and Northern France."