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Sir Patrick Manson

Person  Male  Born 3/10/1844  Died 9/4/1922

Categories: Medicine

Countries: China/Hong Kong, Scotland

Born in Old Meldrum, Aberdeenshire. Physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitoes and suggested that mosquitoes also spread malaria.

Founder of the original London School of Tropical Medicine, his Wikipedia page gives a biography of his life.

Patrick Manson was born on 3 October 1844, the second of the eight children of John Manson (1804-1877) and Elizabeth Livingston Manson née Blaikie (1822-1905), in Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He was baptised there on 20 October 1844. A plaque has been erected on the house where he was born.

He attended school at the Gym (Chanonry House School) in Old Aberdeen and the Academy, where another plaque has been erected in his memory. 

The 1851 census shows him living in The House of Fingask, Diviot, Oldmeldrum, with his parents, five siblings: John Blaikie Manson (1843-1891), Forbes Manson (1846-1933), David Manson (1847-1878), Margaret Knight Manson (1848-1943) and Alexander Livingstone Manson (1850-1869) together with three female house servants and a nurse. His father's occupation was recorded as a landed proprietor, distiller and ship-owner.

In the 1861 census he is shown living at 22 King Street, Aberdeen, with his parents, six siblings: Forbes, David, Margaret, Alexander, Helen Blaikie Manson (1854-1919) and Alice Manson (b.1856), together with four female domestic servants.

He spent the period 1866-89 in Taiwan, China and Hong Kong, working as a medical officer and carrying out research into tropical diseases.

He married Henrietta Isabella Thurburn (1856-1939), the marriage being registered in the 4th quarter of 1875 in the Kensington registration district and they had six children: Alexander Manson (1876-1877), Patrick Thurburn Manson (1877-1902), Edith Margaret Manson (1879-1948), David Manson (1881-1955), Violet Manson (1884-1948) and Mary Rose Manson (1895-1965).

The 1891 census shows him as a physician living at 21 Queen Anne Street, Marylebone, with his wife, their five surviving children, a housemaid, a kitchen-maid, a parlour-maid, a cook, a nurse and a page boy. In the 1901 census he is recorded as a physician surgeon residing at Hill House, Bowstridge Lane, Chalfont St Giles, Buckinghamshire, with three of his children: Edith, David and Violet, together with his widowed mother and a female domestic servant. 

As a medical advisor to the Colonial Office, the London Gazette records that on 26 June 1903 His Majesty King Edward VII, was graciously pleased to give directions for him to be made an Ordinary Member of the Second Class, or Knights Commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (K.C.M.G).  

In the 1911 census he describes himself as a physician, living at 50 Welbeck Street, London, with his wife, their unmarried daughter Mary Rose, their married daughter Edith Margaret Bahr and her husband Philip Henry Bahr (1881-1966), their grand-daughter Patricia Emily Manson-Bahr (1910-1992), together with a cook, a parlour-maid, a kitchen maid, two housemaids and a nurse. Electoral register from 1911 to 1921 list him at 50 Welbeck Street, London, W1.

He died, aged 77 years, on 9 April 1922 and is buried in Allenvale Cemetery, Allenvale Road, Aberdeen, AB10 7FF. Probate records confirm both his addresses as 26 Portland Court, Middlesex, and The Sheiling, Clonbur, County Galway, Ireland. Probate was granted on 9 June 1922 to the Public Trustee and his effects totalled £57,439-9s-6d.

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Sir Patrick Manson

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Sir Patrick Manson

Greater London Council Sir Patrick Manson, 1844 - 1922, father of modern tro...

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