Building    From 1775 

Cleveland Street Workhouse

Categories: Medicine, Social Welfare

Created with an Act of Parliament in 1775, initially for the parish of St Paul in Covent Garden, this is the most intact example of an 18th century workhouse institution left standing in London. Joseph Rogers was appointed to the post of Medical Officer in 1856 and remained for thirty years. The name changes of the building over the years briefly summarise its history: St Paul Covent Garden Workhouse or simply Covent Garden Workhouse; Strand Union Workhouse; Central London Sick Asylum; Cleveland Street Infirmary; Middlesex Hospital Annexe; Middlesex Hospital Outpatient Department. At this point, 2008, it was scheduled for demolition but a spirited campaign, with some help from Charles Dickens, got it it listed in 2011 and it was saved. The picture source website is an invaluable resource.

2017: Now the Nightingale wards at the back and the burial ground, used for the paupers, are at risk from the developers. Read about one burial there, of an "Italian boy" who was murdered by "body-snatchers" so they could sell his body: An East End Murder & A West End Grave. And Florence Nightingale's connection is detailed here. We hope Camden does the right thing and protects this historic fabric.

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Cleveland Street Workhouse

Commemorated ati

Charles Dickens - W1

Unveiled by Lucinda Dickens Hawksley.  Behind this plaque is an interesting d...

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Other Subjects

Jean-Paul Marat

Jean-Paul Marat

Physician, political theorist, scientist, radical journalist and politician from the French Revolution. Murdered in his bath by Charlotte Corday.

Person, Journalism / Publishing, Medicine, Nationalism, Politics & Administration, France, Switzerland

1 memorial
Josef Dallos

Josef Dallos

Hungarian-born British ophthalmologist, invented living eye impression technique, 1930. Moved to London with George Nissel in May 1937 and, in Cavendish Square, set up the first contact lens only p...

Person, Medicine, Hungary

1 memorial
John Eliot Howard

John Eliot Howard

Chemist. Born in Plaistow Essex, son of meteorologist Luke Howard.  He took an early interest in extracting the anti-malaria drug from the bark of the Cinchona genus of South American tree. He was ...

Person, Medicine

1 memorial
Dr John Percy

Dr John Percy

2014: Via Facebook Martin Evans suggests this man for the name panel at IC.  He was the first Professor of Metallurgy at the School of Mines so we agree, he must be our man. Born Nottingham.  Trai...

Person, Medicine, Science

1 memorial