Place    From 1725  To 1913

Westminster Union Workhouse / St James Workhouse

Categories: Social Welfare

The parish of St James Piccadilly erected a workhouse on Poland Street in 1725 for the able-bodied poor. This was taken over by the newly-formed Westminster Union in 1868. The workhouse closed in or shortly after 1913.

In 1914 the site was used for housing wartime refugees - 200 Russian Jews, mostly from Antwerp. It became the Poland Street Institute for Jews. 1925 much of the site was reconstructed as a garage, but not the western section where the plaque is found.

More information at Workhouses - St James's which supplies our image of the workhouse in 1809.

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Westminster Union Workhouse / St James Workhouse

Commemorated ati

Westminster Union Workhouse

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Rothschild Buildings

Rothschild Buildings

The full name was Charlotte De Rothschild Dwellings.  Demolished 1973-80 - all but the arch which stood on Thrawl Street and which you can see in this picture.  The picture source covers the histor...

Building, Property, Social Welfare

1 memorial
Captain Thomas Coram

Captain Thomas Coram

Born Lyme Regis, Dorset, where there is now a commemorative tower. Pioneer in the cause of child welfare. He became a Captain in the Merchant Navy trading between England and America. For several ...

Person, Children, Social Welfare, USA

3 memorials
Sir Reginald Rowe

Sir Reginald Rowe

Wrote the forward to the 1942 biography of Octavia Hill by E. Moberly Bell. The Improved Tenements Association was set up in 1900. From The London Journal: "As a concession to the societies, and t...

Person, Armed Forces, Law, Social Welfare, Sport / Games

1 memorial
James  Fegan

James Fegan

Philanthropist. Born James William Condell Fegan in Southampton. He moved to London in 1865 and eventually joined a firm of colonial brokers. He soon became aware of the plight of many young boys l...

Person, Children, Philanthropy, Social Welfare

1 memorial
Daylight Saving Time

Daylight Saving Time

The idea of adjusting clocks in order to benefit from daylight was first proposed in New Zealand in 1895, and was first implemented by Germany and her allies in WW1 (to save coal).  William Willett...

Concept, Social Welfare

1 memorial