Event    From 2/9/1666  To 6/9/1666

Great Fire of London

Categories: Tragedy

Started on a Sunday morning. After 4 days the destruction included:
- an area of one and a half miles by a half mile
- 87 churches
- 13,200 houses
- only 6 people are recorded as having died (but see Londonist)
- the Great Plague of 1665 was also brought to an end by the fire, possibly.

The fire started in the house and shop of the baker Thomas Farynor in Pudding Lane. The site is now marked by the Monument. But at the time many suspected a Papist plot and Robert Hubert obligingly claimed to have started the fire. He was a Frenchman who was not even in the country at the time but that did not save him from the scaffold.

At the time of the fire England was at war with the French and the Dutch and, during the fire, some people thought it was the French invading, others attacked a Dutch baker blaming him. Rumours about the cause rumbled on for years. Thomas Farriner (spellings differ) swore it was not his fault. Was it God's punishment? Was it the Catholics? A great resource for this topic is The Great Fire of London

2016: a Telegraph article reports on an article in 'Country Life'. The exact location of the start of the fire has now been identified: "Those plans, combined with measuring 202 feet from the Monument itself, show that the oven was located on what is now the cobbled surface of Monument Street, 60 feet east of Pudding Lane."

The rebuilding of London used stone from the west, Oxfordshire/Berkshire, brought by river. Once unloaded the barges were filled with rubble which was taken back up river and dumped on the various islands in the river, including Monkey Island, raising the level of the ground and providing solid foundations for buildings.

In 2016, to mark the 350th anniversary, the artist David Best was commissioned to create a model of London and set it on fire.

Most of the memorials to the Great Fire refer to buildings that were lost; we have found only one that celebrates a building that survived. But quite a few survived - Spitalfields Life displays some lovely drawings of many buildings that survived until at least c.1800.

London has had other very big fires: Tooley Street and see Londonist for others. And Londonist drew our attention to this great article in The Guardian listing the buildings lost. And the buildings that survived? Londonist again.

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Great Fire of London

Commemorated atInformation

Alienation Office

"Act 5 and 6 Will. IV.Cap.82" refers to a legal instrument created during the...

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Building survived the Great Fire

Londonist points out how important correct use of English can be: "This was n...

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Cannon Street Station

The Sir John Hawkshaw Cannon Street Station was officially opened by South Ea...

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Crosskey's Inn

Site of Crosskey's Inn, destroyed 1666. The Corporation of the City of London

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Cutlers' Hall

Site of Cutlers' Hall, 1416 - 1883, rebuilt after the Great Fire 1666. The C...

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Show all 54

Other Subjects

Jimmy Mizen

Jimmy Mizen

The day after his 16th birthday he was attacked and killed at the Three Cooks bakery on Burnt Ash Hill.

Person, Tragedy

1 memorial
Janina Gehlau

Janina Gehlau

Janina Gehlau, from Dusseldorf, Germany, was studying for a Masters degree and completing her dissertation in London. Aged 26 she was killed by a left-turning lorry at Ludgate Circus. March 2016: ...

Person, Cyclist, Tragedy, Germany

1 memorial
Geoffrey Marsh

Geoffrey Marsh

Killed in the Moorgate tube disaster.

Person, Tragedy

1 memorial
Coronation Avenue bombing

Coronation Avenue bombing

Coronation Avenue consisted of a terrace of about 15 shops with five storeys of flats above and behind. The air raid shelter was beneath three of the shops. It suffered a direct hit by a bomb, resu...

Event, War Memorial WW2, Tragedy

1 memorial
Captain, Sir John Franklin

Captain, Sir John Franklin

Born Lincolnshire. Royal Navy. Governor of Tasmania 1836-43. where there is also a statue. Left England in 1845 leading an expedition of 2 ships, HMS Erebus and HMS Terror, to voyage the last unnav...

Person, Exploring, Tragedy, Arctic & Antarctic, Australia

3 memorials