Group    From 11/8/1746  To /1/1750

Culloden - prisoners

Categories: Law, Tragedy

Countries: Scotland

3,470 prisoners were taken, men women and children, and it was decided that they should all be tried in England.  Seven ships carried them from Inverness on 10 June 1746.  Their destinies were various:  Many were eventually released but 116 commoners were executed at Carlisle, York and Kennington Common and 4 lords at Tower Hill.  Others were transported to the colonies, banished to a country of their choice, escaped or died in prison.  On 11 August 268 prisoners were landed at Tilbury Fort and imprisoned there.  Others were held in prison ships on the Thames nearby.  Only 1 in 20 of the Tilbury prisoners were tried, selected by lottery.  Meanwhile the prisoners were available for viewing by paying sight-seers who came via the river from Westminster.  The last Tilbury Fort prisoner was eventually released sometime after January 1750.

The four lords executed at Tower Hill were: Kilmarnock & Balmerino, Lovat and George Earl of Cromartie for whom we have not found a memorial. The Newgate Calendar reports on the executions. 

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Culloden - prisoners

Commemorated ati

Culloden prisoners

This granite stone was recovered from Culloden Moor, site of the battle. We v...

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Other Subjects

Marshalsea Prison

Marshalsea Prison

Originally built to hold prisoners being tried by the Marshalsea Court and the Court of the King's Bench. Its first site, from at least 1329 was on Borough High Street on the block now bordered...

Place, Law

6 memorials
W. H. Church

W. H. Church

Alderman in the Borough of Hammersmith in 1948. Our colleague Andrew Behan has researched this man: William Henry Church was born in 1876 in Knightsbridge, a son of Joseph Church and Mary Ann Chur...

Person, Law, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
Charles Lyell

Charles Lyell

Born at Kinnordy House, near Kirriemuir, Angus, Scotland. Geologist. A practicing lawyer, deliberately working all over the country so he could study the local geology. His multi-volume "Principles...

Person, Law, Science, Scotland

3 memorials
Alfred George Marten

Alfred George Marten

Son of Robert Giles Marten. Admitted to Inner Temple in 1852 and became a QC, County Court Judge and knighted in 1896. MP for Cambridge. Was Treasurer of the Temple in 1893. Died St Leonard's on Sea.

Person, Law, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
High Court of Chancery

High Court of Chancery

Originally in offices in Chancery Lane, the six clerks of the King's High Court of Chancery moved into No 10 Stone Buildings when it was built for them in 1774 The six clerks were abolished in 184...

Group, Law

1 memorial