Person    | Male  Born 16/2/1822  Died 17/1/1911

Sir Francis Galton

Categories: Exploring, Race Issues, Science

Countries: Africa

Biostatistician, human geneticist and eugenicist. Born at The Larches, Sparkbrook, Birmingham, a half-cousin of Charles Darwin. An enthusiastic traveller, particularly in Africa. Darwin's publication of 'The Origin of Species' caused him to become immersed in the study of heredity. He invented the term 'eugenics' (the science of creating superior offspring), and refined the system of identifying fingerprints. Knighted in 1909, he died at Grayshott House, Haslemere, Surrey.

2020: University College London announced that it would remove the Galton name from its buildings. "Victorian scientist Francis Galton coined the term eugenics and endowed UCL with his personal collection and archive along with a bequest for the country’s first professorial Chair of Eugenics."

2022: In the Guardian's 12 February review of Adam Rutherford's book "Control" Rutherford is quoted: "Galton's racism was deep and robust".

Credit for this entry to: Alan Patient of www.plaquesoflondon.co.uk

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Sir Francis Galton

Commemorated ati

Sir Francis Galton

Sir Francis Galton, 1822-1911, explorer, statistician, founder of eugenics, l...

Read More

Other Subjects

John Rae

John Rae

Arctic explorer. Born at the Hall of Clestrain, near Stromness, Orkney Islands. He studied medicine and became doctor to the Hudson Bay Company. From 1846 to 1848 he undertook several expeditions t...

Person, Exploring, Medicine, Arctic & Antarctic, Canada, Scotland, USA

1 memorial
Sir Joseph Hooker

Sir Joseph Hooker

Botanist and explorer. Born Joseph Dalton Hooker, son of Sir William, at Halesworth, Suffolk. He travelled widely around the world, bringing back many species of plants to Britain. Became director ...

Person, Exploring, Gardens / Agriculture, Science

1 memorial
Abraham Seely

Abraham Seely

Role on the lost expedition: Able seaman on SS Erebus. See John Franklin.

Person, Exploring, Tragedy

1 memorial
John Sullivan

John Sullivan

Role on the lost expedition: Petty officer on SS Erebus. See John Franklin.

Person, Exploring, Tragedy

1 memorial
John Ratcliffe

John Ratcliffe

Mariner and colonist. His family name appears to have originally been Sicklemore, and why he chose to call himself Ratcliffe remains a riddle. He was captain of the 'Discovery', one of three ships ...

Person, Exploring, USA

1 memorial