Person    | Male  Born 17/8/1887  Died 10/6/1940

Marcus Garvey

Pan-African nationalist leader. Born Marcus Mosiah Garvey in St Ann's Bay, Jamaica. He founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association in 1914 to foster worldwide black unity, and moved its headquarters to New York City two years later. His intention was that people of African descent would settle in Liberia and form a modern black state. Liberia feared that he intended to rule the country and rejected his plans. In 1925 he was convicted of fraud and deported back to Jamaica. He moved to rented accommodation at 53 Talgarth Road, Hammersmith, in 1935. At home recovering from a stroke he read in a newspaper his own premature, and uncomplimentary, obituary. He died shortly after.

Married Amy Ashwood in 1919, but the marriage was short-lived. In 1922 he married Amy E. Jacques, his first wife's chief bridesmaid. The same-name wives may have been convenient for him but they make the researcher's life rather difficult.

Garvey lived in London 1912-14. During that time he studied at Birkbeck College, spoke at Speakers' Corner in Hyde Park, and engaged with other pan-Africanists. On his return to Jamaica in 1914, he established the UNIA and African Communities League. In 1935, Garvey relocated to London, where he died in 1940. He was buried in Kensal Green. In 1964, his remains were moved to the National Heroes Park in Kingston, Jamaica.

Credit for this entry to: Alan Patient of www.plaquesoflondon.co.uk

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Marcus Garvey

Commemorated ati

Amy Garvey

Amy lived here for 26 years. Unveiled by Jamaica's High Commissioner to the ...

Read More

Marcus Garvey - Beaumont Crescent

The plaque is very badly eroded and partly illegible, maybe the result of hav...

Read More

Marcus Garvey - Talgarth Road

Marcus Garvey, 1887 - 1940, Pan-Africanist leader, lived and died here. L.C.C. 

Read More

Marcus Garvey - Willesden Library

The bust was unveiled on Garvey's 129th birthday, and is now inside a glass c...

Read More

Universal Negro Improvement Association

This building was the headquarters of the Universal Negro Improvement Associa...

Read More

Other Subjects

Sir Benjamin Hawes

Sir Benjamin Hawes

From British History Online: Master of the Haberdashers Company 1833-4 and leading force in the rebuilding of Aske’s Hospital 1826. We have found some links between this politician and the Haberda...

Person, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
Tulip Siddiq

Tulip Siddiq

Labour politician. Born London.

Person, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
Don Joseph Alonzo Ortiz
1 memorial
J. Gray Buchanan

J. Gray Buchanan

President of the Hornsey Central Hospital in 1924. From St Andrew's Law Journal, concerning "The criminal prosecution in 1914 of two Glasgow businessmen, Messrs Hetherington and Wilson of William ...

Person, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
Samuel Butler

Samuel Butler

One of the wardens of Aske's Hospital in 1828.

Person, Politics & Administration

1 memorial