Group    From 1119  To 1312

Knights Templar

The seal of the Knights incorporated the image of a horse with two riders, the Knights originally being too poor to have a horse each.  By papal decree the Knights Templar were dissolved in 1312 and much of their property was given to the Hospitallers. In effect the two orders merged.

2015: An exhibition inside the Temple Church about Magna Carta included the following text which we found helpful in that it gives: the origins of the Knights Templars; their relationship to this location; this location's connection to Magna Carta.  And, this location being the Inns of Courts, we think that solves a long-standing puzzle of ours - why is the American Bar Association so involved with the Runnymede Magna Carta memorial.  

Text from the exhibition (shortened and edited):
The Christian crusaders captured Jerusalem in 1099.  In the coming years, pilgrims flooded to the Holy Land.  Around 1119 a small group of knights in Jerusalem offered to form a religious order to protect such pilgrims.  The King of Jerusalem gave them their headquarters on the Temple Mount…. The knights then became known as the Knights Templar….. {In London} the Church was built by the Knights Templar.  The Round Church, in use by 1162, was designed to recreate here in London the shape and sanctity of the round Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem……The Templars were monks and soldiers together.  They were also bankers and diplomatic brokers to successive kings; the Temple itself was at the centre of England’s religious, political and economic life.  The Temple was King John’s London headquarters in the crisis, 1214-15…….From here he issued major preliminary charters, and here in January 1215 he was confronted by barons…… that led to Magna Carta in June 1215. 

The Templars were suppressed at the start of the 14th century.  In 1608 – when the Church was already over 400 years old – James I granted all the Templars’ former land between Fleet Street and the River to the societies of Inner and Middle Temple, two of London’s Inns of Court.  The Inns’ members were central to constitutional development in England throughout the 17th century and in America throughout the 17th and 18th centuries.  In both cases, Magna Carta was an icon of liberty.  The Inns undertook, in return for the grant by James I, that they would maintain the Church in perpetuity for the celebration of divine service. 

2017: The Templars are a complex topic. We found this Guardian book review by Christopher de Bellaigue very informative.

This section lists the memorials where the subject on this page is commemorated:
Knights Templar

Commemorated ati

Knights Templar, Great Fire & Millennium

A nearby information board gives: The column in this court was erected and d...

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Rear-Admiral, Sir Henry Hart, KCH

Rear-Admiral, Sir Henry Hart, KCH

Naval officer.  Born Sussex. Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital.  See Indefatigable for more information, but one paragraph there is particularly relevant to Greenwich Hospital: "Following his reti...

Person, Armed Forces, Politics & Administration

1 memorial
E. J. Titcomb

E. J. Titcomb

Employed at the Holloway bus/tram garage - Pemberton Gardens. Served and was killed in WW1.

Person, Armed Forces

War dead, WW1
1 memorial
Royal Fusiliers who fell in the Great War (WW1)
1 memorial
Stanisław Sosabowski

Stanisław Sosabowski

General. Born Stanisław Franciszek Sosabowski at Stanisławów, Poland. He served with distinction in the Austro-Hungarian army during WW1.  In WW2 he was made a prisoner of war following Poland's su...

Person, Armed Forces, France, Poland

1 memorial
6th Battalion, Grenadier Guards

6th Battalion, Grenadier Guards

The 6th Battalion, Grenadier Guards, was raised in 1941 in Caterham, Surrey. In June 1942 it set sail from Liverpool to Syria where it became part of 201st Guards Brigade. It had to guard the borde...

Group, Armed Forces, Africa, Italy, Syria

1 memorial