King Charles I
Person Born 19/11/1600 Died 30/1/1649
Born Fife. Ascended the throne 1625 on the death of his father James I. His wife, Henrietta Maria of France was Catholic, he was a High Anglican. Only 5 feet 4 inches tall, Charles was a firm believer in the divine right of kings and fell out with Parliament in a big way, mainly over money. This all led to the Civil War (1642 - 1646). Charles eventually surrendered and was tried for treason by a tribunal with 135 judges. He lost by one vote and was beheaded outside the Banqueting House in Whitehall.