Person Male Born 6/9/1766 Died 27/7/1844
Chemist, physicist, and meteorologist. Born Cumberland into a Quaker family. Achieved a high level of education early and became a teacher of science at a Quaker college. He made meteorological measurements on mountains and estimated their height. Colour blind himself he studied colour vision. Studied gases and postulated laws including one concerning partial pressures that became known as Dalton's Law. Most famously he proposed the modern atomic theory and began the study of atomic weights.
Lived most of his life in Manchester, visiting London only occasionally. Died at home in Manchester.