Edward the Black Prince
Person Born 15/6/1330 Died 8/6/1376
Edward, Duke of Cornwall and Prince of Wales and Aquitaine. Eldest son of King Edward III, born at the Palace of Woodstock, Oxfordshire. In his lifetime he was known as Edward of Woodstock; the soubriquet 'Black Prince' developed after his death and was probably derived from the colour of his armour. Popular in his time and renowned as a military leader, winning victories over the French at the battles of Crécy and Poitiers. In 1348 he was created the first Knight of the Garter. Effectively served as regent when his father was away on campaigns but never ruled as king since he died just before his father. So the next king was his ten year old son Richard II.