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Memorial

The Monument - east and south The Monument

Monument: The Monument - east and south

Inscription

{East face - Latin inscription with a bronze plaque below:}
Translation of the Latin inscription above:
(This pillar was) begun, Sir Richard Ford, knt., being Lord Mayor of London, in the year 1671; carried higher in the Mayoralties of Sir George Waterman, knt., Sir Robert Hanson, knt., Sir William Hooker, knt., Sir Robert Viner, knt., and Sir Joseph Sheldon, knt.; and finished in the Mayoralty of Sir Thomas Davies, in the year of the Lord 1677.

{South face - Latin inscription with a bronze plaque below:}
Translation of the Latin inscription above
Charles the Second, son of Charles the Martyr, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith, a most gracious prince, commiserating the deplorable state of things, whilst the ruins were yet smoking provided for the comfort of his citizens, and the ornament of his city; remitted their taxes, and referred the petitions of the magistrates and inhabitants of London to the Parliament; who immediately passed an Act, that public works should be restored to a greater beauty, with public money, to be raised by an imposition on coals; that churches, and the cathedral of St. Paul's, should be rebuilt from their foundations, with all magnificence; that the bridges, gates, and prisons should be new made, the sewers cleansed, the streets made straight and regular, such as were steep levelled and those too narrow made wider, markets and shambles removed to separate places.  They also enacted, that every house should be built with party-walls, and all raised of an equal height in front, and that all house walls should be strengthened with stone or brick; and that no man should delay building beyond the space of seven years.  Furthermore, he procured an Act to settle beforehand the suits which should arise respecting boundaries, he also established an annual service of intercession, and caused this column to be erected as a perpetual memorial to posterity.  Haste is seen everywhere, London rises again, whether with greater speed or greater magnificence is doubtful, three short years complete that which was considered the work of an age.

Site: The Monument (2 memorials)

EC3, Monument Street

Built 1671-7, designed by Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke as a monument to the Great Fire and as a scientific instrument. Each step is exactly 6 inches high. The very top of the edifice has a hinged lid and the spiral staircase surrounds a void (rather than a solid shaft) so the whole height can be used by a giant pendulum, or as a telescope, or (and who does't want to do this?) for dropping things.

The column stands on a plinth, three faces of which carry Latin texts with translations. This all amounts to a lot of text but the inscriptions are not very photogenic so we have treated each pair of faces as a memorial: west and north together, east and south together.  

In all this verbiage we draw your attention to the reference to "Popish frenzy" at the end of the (English version) of the inscription on the north face.  This is explained at The Monument, which is an excellent resource.

Go to map of other memorials in this area

This section lists the subjects commemorated on the memorial on this page:
The Monument - east and south

Information Subjects commemorated

Show all 10

46777

Great Fire of London

Started on a Sunday morning. After 4 days the destruction included: - an are...

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46274

King Charles II

Reigned: 1660 - 1685. Born at St James's Palace.  The son of the beheaded Cha...

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47337

King Charles I

Born Fife. Ascended the throne 1625 on the death of his father James I. His w...

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50915

Sir Thomas Davies

Lord Mayor of London, 1676-7.  Pepys's bookseller.  The first Stationer Lord ...

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50534

Sir Richard Ford

Lord Mayor of London. Born and buried at Bexley, Kent.  One of the commission...

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This section lists the subjects who helped to create/erect the memorial on this page:
The Monument - east and south

Information Created by

46274

King Charles II

Reigned: 1660 - 1685. Born at St James's Palace.  The son of the beheaded Cha...

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This section lists the other memorials at the same location as the memorial on this page:
The Monument - east and south

Information Also at this site

50700

The Monument - west and north

The bas relief by Cibber is worthy of close examination.  It shows a woman on...

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