Plaque: John By
Erection date: 1997
Lieutenant Colonel John By, Royal Engineers, Founder of Ottawa, Capital of Canada.
John By was born near this place and baptised in the church of St. Mary-at-Lambeth, August 10, 1779. After a distinguished career in Canada and in the Peninsular War, he was called out of retirement in 1826 and sent to Canada to build the Rideau Canal waterway. A defence project, the waterway would extend 200 kilometres from the Ottawa River to Lake Ontario. It penetrated uncharted lakes and rivers, virgin forest, rock, and swamp attended by the horrors of introduced malaria. This outstanding engineering feat, which required the construction of 47 stone masonry locks and 23 dams, was opened May 30, 1832. Now a heritage treasure, it remains in use as a recreational waterway.
John By retired to Frant, East Sussex, where he died February 1, 1836.
Erected 1997 by The Historical Society of Ottawa.
Site: John By (1 memorial)
SE1, Albert Embankment